What Causes Canker Sores and How to Get Rid of Them

Canker sores affect over twenty percent of the entire population, and they generally affect one in every five people. You might’ve even gotten them at some point in your life. Canker sores are small shallow open wounds or bruise-like symptoms behind the lips that can make any simple habit a complicated task.

Eating, speaking or even flossing and brushing can become uncomfortable. Dentists call them aphthous ulcers, and they vary in size and longevity. They are also more common in women than men due to hormonal differences, genetics, or nutritional deficiencies.

There are some types of canker sore you should know about:

  1. Simple or minor canker sores are the most common because they tend to show up numerous times a year. The relatively appear between the ages of eight to eighteen. These vary in size from being one to three centimeters and don’t require any OTC (over-the-counter) medications or treatments. These lesions can take up to 10 to 14 days to heal and don’t leave any scars behind.
  2. Major canker sores are less common and tend to leave a scar afterward. They are more significant than superficial cankers. Major canker sores may even take months to heal and might leave a scar.
  3. Herpetiform canker sores are the rarest of the three and develop in large amounts similar to clusters of ulcers. Almost 100 ulcers can form at the same time. But they are still able to heal in a little over a week.

What Causes Canker Sores?

Although research and investigation of canker sores need more time to find the real purpose of these oral bruises, the following factors can cause them to appear frequently:

  1. Tissue injuries from aggressive tooth brushing, braces, or accidents. 
  2. High emotional stress.
  3. Allergies to either food or bacteria that live in your mouth.
  4. Oral cancer
  5. Drugs like aspirin, antibiotics, oral nicotine, among others.
  6. Hormones
  7. Acidic foods can sometimes result in or worsen a canker sore.

Their purpose is unknown, but thankfully, there are ways to reduce and eliminate them. Since they usually appear in your mouth, your body could potentially try to signal a health issue that could affect your overall health and well-being.

How To Heal Canker Sores?

You can’t make them disappear in a blink of an eye, but you can try visiting your dentist so that they can identify and adequately diagnose your problem with a visual exam. Doctors use these exams to check your overall health and look for other issues you may be experiencing, specifically if your canker sores do not decrease in size or discomfort.

If the severity of your canker sores does not fade away, you should seek help from a professional or use home remedies that can help fight off your struggles. Even though treatment isn’t necessary for simple canker sores, more severe ones will most likely require a medical diagnosis. 

There is no need to fear these oral bruises because numerous treatment options exist. The following are some solutions that will help you reduce pain and discomfort:

  1. Dentists recommend increasing your consumption of nutritional supplements to implement additional vitamins and minerals to your diet like vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12, and other beneficial nutrients to reduce the healing timeline.
  2. In the medical field, doctors utilize Cauteries, which is a tool that releases a chemical substance that burns, deteriorates, or sears tissue surrounding the canker to obliterate it. 
  3. OTC or oral medications can also reduce canker sores that are too severe for traditional methods or techniques of treating sores
  4. Topical products are an excellent approach to relieve pain and speed up the healing process, so using cream, liquids, gels, or pastes is also a good idea.
  5. Again, you can try using mouth rinses that your doctor or dentist recommends so you can prevent canker sores from developing in the area and reduce discomfort, pain, and inflammation. 
  6. In case your canker sore relates to other health problems, you will have to treat the condition that is causing the bruise to worsen.
  7. Try avoiding the use of oral hygiene products that contain large amounts of sodium lauryl sulfate because these can irritate and potentially worsen the effects of canker sores.
  8. Utilizing a toothbrush with soft bristles can keep your mouth free of food debris and can also prevent you from triggering canker sores. Try flossing and brushing after meals, including before going to bed and after waking up.
  9. Chewing gum can also irritate your canker sore, so try reducing the amount of gum you chew
  10. Foods that can irritate your mouth like spicy foods, hot or cold foods, and foods that are too acidic. Try avoiding them entirely.

If you start to experience discomfort or pain episodes, you should seek help from a doctor or a dentist. Look out for these symptoms: 

  1. High fever after the appearance of any form of a canker sore.
  2. If you have difficulty swallowing or drinking fluids.
  3. Unbearable pain even though you avoid foods that can trigger sensitivity and the use of OTC (over-the-counter). medications that treat pain of any kind.
  4. Any amount of sores that last over three weeks can cause significant sensitivity.
  5. Sores that spread across your lip or cheeks can also cause a problem.
  6. Sores vary in size, but the best is to seek professional help if they are excessively large.

You can take canker sores as a good signal to take care of yourself. Caring for your very own health should always be a priority, and we are here to help.

If you are currently being a victim of these small but painful injuries, make sure to call us, we’ll get you one of the best dentists in Tijuana that will help you determine why you have canker sores and what is the best route you can take to heal.

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